(reigned 530-522 b.c.)
   The son of Cyrus II and the second king of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. The first important assignment Cyrus gave Cambyses (cam-BEE-seez) was to rule Babylon after Cyrus had captured it. Not long afterward Cambyses received the task of beginning preparations for an invasion of Egypt, and when Cyrus died Cambyses ascended the throne and decided to follow through with the grand expedition. The new king arranged for Persia's first fleet of warships, foreseeing that the vessels would be needed to supply his land army while it was crossing the arid region lying between Palestine and the Nile River. In 526 b.c., shortly before leaving for Egypt, Cambyses disposed of his younger brother, Bardiya, whohadbeenCyrus'sfavorite,toensure that Bardiya would not attempt to usurp the throne while the king was away.
   Early in 525 B.C. Cambyses reached northern Egypt, defeated the inexperienced young pharaoh Psammetichus III at Pelu-sium on the seacoast east of the Nile delta, and marched southward into the heart of the country. After taking control of Egypt, the Persian king stayed there for three years. His activities during this period are unclear. Rumors abounded that he committed cruel and sacrilegious acts, including burning the mummy of the former pharaoh, Psammetichus's father, Amasis, and looting several Egyptian temples.
   Whatever Cambyses did in Egypt, he struck out for home early in 522 B.c.On the way, news arrived that a priest named Gaumata was impersonating the dead Bardiya and had seized the throne. Before Cambyses could rectify the situation, however, he died under mysterious circumstances. Some accounts say he committed suicide after hearing about Gaumata's rebellion; others claimed Cambyses developed an infection after an accidental knife wound. The latter explanation is by far the more likely.
   See also: Bardiya; Battle of Pelusium; Egypt

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

См. также в других словарях:

  • CAMBYSES — (Pers., Kambujiya; Bab., Kam bu zi (ia); Aram., Kanbuzi; Greek, Cambyses), the son of cyrus , king of Persia (530–522 B.C.E.). It appears that in 538, several months after Cyrus conquered Babylon, Cambyses was appointed king of Babylon by his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cambyses (II) — [kam bī′sēz΄] died 522 B.C.; king of Persia (529 522): son of Cyrus the Great * * * …   Universalium

  • Cambyses (II) — [kam bī′sēz΄] died 522 B.C.; king of Persia (529 522): son of Cyrus the Great …   English World dictionary

  • Cambyses (II) — [kam bī′sēz΄] died 522 B.C.; king of Persia (529 522): son of Cyrus the Great …   English World dictionary

  • Cambyses II — ▪ king of Persia flourished 6th century BC       Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 529–522 BC), who conquered Egypt in 525; he was the eldest son of King Cyrus II the Great by Cassandane, daughter of a fellow Achaemenid. During his father s… …   Universalium

  • Cambyses — King of Persia 525 522 BC.     Cyrus II, the Achaemenid ruler who established the *Persian empire, sent his son Cambyses to overthrow Egypt s Twenty sixth Dynasty and to annex the country as part of his empire. Cambyses first dealt with… …   Ancient Egypt

  • CAMBYSES — I. CAMBYSES Persa, mediocri stirpe, ad Astyage, altero, penultimo Medorum Rege, in generum ascitus, elocatâ ipsi Mandane filiâ, quo sic a nepote periculum sibi in somno praedictum evitaret. Hinc Cyrus natus. Iustin. l. 1. c. 4. Herodot Musâ. 1.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cambyses I — ▪ ruler of Anshan flourished 6th century BC       ruler of Anshan c. 600–559 BC. Cambyses was the son of Cyrus I and succeeded his father in Anshan (northwest of Susa in Elam) as a vassal of King Astyages of Media. According to the 5th century BC …   Universalium

  • Cambyses II — biographical name died 522 B.C. son of Cyrus II the Great king of Persia (529 22) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cambyses — /kam buy seez/, n. died 522 B.C., king of Persia 529 522 (son of Cyrus the Great). * * * …   Universalium

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